Php_fastcgi and REST API rewrite rule for index.php

1. The problem I’m having:

I would like to poll a simple REST API which I have already created with GET requests of this form:


The PHP script I created is called index.php and it sits in the caddy_root/react-api-mw directory. It will simply parse the url and fetch the query params by exploding the URI passing ‘/’ as separator, like:

$uri = parse_url($_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'], PHP_URL_PATH);
$uri = explode( '/', $uri );

I had this working in Apache 2 via a simple rewrite rule that prepended index.php to the URL:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /react-api-mw
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteRule (.*)$ index.php/$1 [QSA,NC,L]

However I’m a bit at a loss trying to translate this in a manner that is compatible with php_fastcgi (I’m serving a Wordpress blog/shop in the same domain). I could fetch some similar posts from the community but some of them mention caddy v1 and I’m unsure about how v2 and php_fastcgi interact.

2. Error messages and/or full log output:

{"level":"error","ts":1690818714.8597414,"logger":"http.log.access.log1","msg":"handled request","request":{"remote_ip":"","remote_port":"52008","proto":"HTTP/1.1","method":"GET","host":"","uri":"/react-api-mw/v1/myweb/products/1010","headers":{"User-Agent":["PostmanRuntime/7.32.3"],"Accept":["*/*"],"Postman-Token":["7f8ba52f-c1d7-44e8-8cab-a7a430857661"],"Accept-Encoding":["gzip, deflate, br"],"Connection":["keep-alive"]},"tls":{"resumed":false,"version":772,"cipher_suite":4865,"proto":"","server_name":""}},"user_id":"","duration":1.739427749,"size":32942,"status":404,"resp_headers":{"Cache-Control":["no-cache, must-revalidate, max-age=0"],"Content-Type":["text/html; charset=UTF-8"],"Link":["<>; rel=\"\""],"Vary":["Accept-Encoding"],"Server":["Caddy"],"Status":["404 Not Found"],"Expires":["Wed, 11 Jan 1984 05:00:00 GMT"],"Alt-Svc":["h3=\":443\"; ma=2592000"],"Content-Encoding":["gzip"]}}

3. Caddy version:

v2.6.4 h1:2hwYqiRwk1tf3VruhMpLcYTg+11fCdr8S3jhNAdnPy8=

4. How I installed and ran Caddy:

Installed via official repo (apt)

a. System environment:

Running as systemd service on an Ubuntu 22.04 VPS on hetzner

b. Command:

systemctl start caddy

d. My complete Caddy config: {
        root * /var/www/mywebsite
        php_fastcgi unix//run/php/php8.1-fpm-www.sock
        encode gzip

        log {
                output file /var/log/caddy/mywebsite-access.log {
                        roll_size 10mb
                        roll_keep 5
                        roll_keep_for 720h

        @disallowed {
                path *.sql
                path /wp-content/uploads/*.php

        rewrite @disallowed '/index.php'

5. Links to relevant resources:

After some fiddling around and more googling I manage to write a decent request matcher that actually works:

    # url rewrite for react-api-mw/
    @reactargs path_regexp reactargs ^/react-api-mw/(.*)$
    rewrite @reactargs /react-api-mw/index.php/{re.reactargs.1}

Is it the best I could do or do you recommend something different?
Am I right in saying that with such regexp, using either {re.reactargs.0} or {re.reactargs.1} makes no difference?


1 Like

This seems fine :+1:

0 is the entire matched string, 1 is only the first capture group. So 0 would be the entire path in your case, which isn’t what you want.

1 Like

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